Thai / Cambodia Border Refugee Camps 1975-1999

Information and Documentation Website

Khao I Dang / Site II / 2 / Site B / Site 8 / Sok San / Site K / O'Trao

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International Rescue Committee on the Thai / Cambodia Border


"IRC has been at work in Thailand since 1976, when the first Indochinese refugees began to cross its borders. Over the succeeding years, the program has adapted to the many changes in the refugee population and its needs." (excerpt from 1985 country report)

IRC remained on the Khmer border until the end of repatriation in 1993, then became active in Cambodia. IRC Thailand continues on the Burmese border.

IRC-staff-1990.jpg (91027 bytes)

IRC Aranyaprathet Staff Photo 1990

 1985 IRC Thailand Country Report - a good description of IRC's programs at that time. They remained essentially the same except with the addition of Special Education, Land Mine Awareness and a larger printing program that included computer training.  IRC on the Thai / Cambodian Border 1985 (27984 bytes)

IRC Programs in the Border Camps

Program Camp Comments


Medical Coordination

Pediatric Hospital (closed 198?)

Mobile Medical Teams (stopped 198?)



KHTC - khmer Health Training Centre

Public Health

Khao-I-Dang IRC was the lead agency in KID
Tracing for Unaccompanied Minors Sakeo II 1980 - 1984  
Sanitation and Site Maintenance KID, Sakaeo II  
Education KID, Ban Thad primary, secondary, adult literacy, ESL, teacher training
Special Education KID, Site II  

Khmer Arts

Land Mine Awareness Program All camps from 1991  
Vocational Training Sakaeo II 1980 - 1984  
Printing KID, Site II, Site B, Taphraya  


LMAP - LMAP was run by The International Rescue Committee (IRC) and funded through the Office of the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General for the Coordination of Cambodian Humanitarian Assistance Programmes. It was the first mine awareness programme to commence in the South East Asian region. LMAP had the mandate to get mine awareness messages to Cambodian refugees just prior to their resettlement in Cambodia. Over 350,000 Cambodians were housed in the 7 refugee camps stretching along the Thai/Cambodian border. Our job was to ensure that Cambodian refugees were equipped with knowledge of the dangers that could await them back in their country. As most of these people had been in the camp for over 10 years they had little experience of living with mines and were about to return to one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. We attempted to get a balance between, being aware of ways to avoid mines, but being careful not to make them so afraid they wouldn't leave their huts.


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Last modified: 17/01/14

All photos by Richard Rowat unless otherwise specified